A Shifting Capital of Religious Education in the Digitalization Era

  • Halim Wiryadinata Universitas Kristen Indonesia
Keywords: a shifting capital, capital of education, digitalization era, sociology of religion

Abstract

This study shows how the shifting capital of education aligns with the economic spirit in the digitalization era. The ideology of education, which supports the transformation of human resources to a better and fair world, has been shifted to the economic path due to economic and cultural triggers. The economic element shapes educational institutions' alignment in the labor market. The latter is to make the shifting capital of education move faster towards the economic demand due to the entrance of modernization culture in the form of digitalization technology. Furthermore, the development of religious education also gets the impact of digitalization era, but it still humanizes the humanity aspect as the novelty of this research. The sociological method is to be conducted to analyze and evaluate beyond the shifting capital of education. Critical thinking in the sociological method through Weberian rationality and bureaucracy is used to probe some possible answers to see the shifting capital of education. The result of this research is that the shifting capital of education toward economic and educational capitalism still upholds the humanizing humanity to work in the workforce field. The conclusion reaches that the shifting capital of education emphasizes the access of human resources to engage in the market during the digitalization era through the rationality of educational institutions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbas, M., & Razak, A. (2011). Globalization and its Impact on Education and Culture. 1(1), 59–69. https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/db537b83-4923-3d2e-b134-b8b31233858f/

Ainur Rofiq. (2019). Birokrasi, Perilaku, dan Budaya Organisasi dalam Pendidikan Islam. Dirasah : Jurnal Studi Ilmu Dan Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 2(2), 98–116. https://doi.org/10.29062/DIRASAH.V2I2.63

Aji, M. Q. W. (2020). Bureaucratic Reform: A Case Study in Secretariat General of the Ministry of Education and Culture. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Publik, 9(2), 203. https://doi.org/10.26858/JIAP.V9I2.10799

Alam, M., Al-Mamun, M., Pramanik, M. N. H., Jahan, I., Khan, M. R., Dishi, T. T., Akter, S. H., Jothi, Y. M., Shanta, T. A., & Hossain, M. J. (2022). Paradigm shifting of education system during COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative study on education components. Heliyon, 8(12), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11927

Ambarova, P. A., & Zborovsky, G. E. (2021). Imitations in higher education as a social problem. Vysshee Obrazovanie v Rossii, 30(5), 88–106. https://doi.org/10.31992/0869-3617-2021-30-5-88-106

Apfeld, B., Coman, E., Gerring, J., & Jessee, S. (2022). Education and Social Capital. Journal of Experimental Political Science, 9(2), 162–188. https://doi.org/10.1017/XPS.2021.6

Arafat, M. Y., Khan, A. M., Ansari, M. S., & Saleem, I. (2022). What drives internationalization of new ventures? Evidence from India. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/S13731-022-00225-4

Asad, A., Hidayati, S., & Fridiyanto, F. (2022). Education and Human Resources: Retaining Future Human Resources’ Behaviours to Nature Through Environmental Education. Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice, 22(2), 128–141. https://doi.org/10.33423/JHETP.V22I2.5043

Asilkan, O., & Domnori, E. (2020). Roadmap of shifting to online education during COVID-19. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(3), 192–197. https://doi.org/10.18844/PROSOC.V7I3.5252

Boossabong, P. (2018). Neoliberalizing higher education in the Global South: lessons learned from policy impacts on educational commercialization in Thailand. Critical Policy Studies, 12(1), 110–115. https://doi.org/10.1080/19460171.2017.1403341

Bourdieu, P. (1971). System of Education and System of Thought. In M. F. D. Young (Ed.), Knowledge and Control: New Directions in Sociology of Education. Callier-Macmillan.

Brooks, C., McIntyre, J., & Mutton, T. (2021). Teacher education policy making during the pandemic: shifting values underpinning change in England? Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2021.1997984

Buckingham, D. (2020). Epilogue: Rethinking digital literacy: Media education in the age of digital capitalism. Digital Education Review, 37, 230–239. https://doi.org/10.1344/DER.2020.37.230-239

Cardinal, T., Lambert, L., & Lamouche, S. (2020). Living the Good Life: A Conversation about Well-being, Education, and Culture. Paideusis, 22(2), 8–22. https://doi.org/10.7202/1071455AR

Carstensen, M. B., & Emmenegger, P. (2023). Education as social policy: New tensions in maturing knowledge economies. Social Policy and Administration, 57(2), 109–121. https://doi.org/10.1111/SPOL.12888

Carter Andrews, D. J., Brown, T., Castillo, B. M., Jackson, D., & Vellanki, V. (2019). Beyond damage-centered teacher education: Humanizing pedagogy for teacher educators and preservice teachers. Teachers College Record, 121(6). https://doi.org/10.1177/016146811912100605

Datzberger, S. (2022). Lost in transition? Modernization, formal education and violence in Karamoja. World Development, 158, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2022.106013

Demaine, J. (2003). Social reproduction and education policy. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 13(2), 125–140. https://doi.org/10.1080/09620210300200107

DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. (1983). The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organisational Fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147–160.

Durkheim, E. (2014). The Division of Labor in Society (S. Lukes (ed.); 1st ed.). Free Press.

Efimova, L. A., Efimov, O. E., Firsova, E. A., Firsov, S. S., & Efimova, M. O. (2022). Education as the Basis for Developing Human Capital. Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice, 22(4), 178–184. https://doi.org/10.33423/JHETP.V22I4.5177

Ershova, I., Belyaeva, O., & Obukhova, A. (2019). Investment in human capital education under the digital economy. Economic Annals-XXI, 180(11–12), 69–77. https://doi.org/10.21003/EA.V180-08

Frick, T. W. (2020). Education Systems and Technology in 1990, 2020, and Beyond. TechTrends, 64(5), 693–703. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11528-020-00527-Y

Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: The Social Virtues and The Creation of Prosperity. The Free Press.

Gann, P. (2017). An Explication and Application of Max Weber’s Theoretical Construct of Verstehen. Journal of Social Work Values & Ethics, 14(2), 30–34. https://jswve.org/download/fall_2017_vol._14_no._2/30-Max-Webers-Verstehen-2017-14-2.pdf

Haleem, A., Javaid, M., Qadri, M. A., & Suman, R. (2022). Understanding the role of digital technologies in education: A review. Sustainable Operations and Computers, 3, 275–285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.susoc.2022.05.004

Hanushek, E. A., & Woessmann, L. (2020). Education, knowledge capital, and economic growth. The Economics of Education: A Comprehensive Overview, 171–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815391-8.00014-8

Hay, C. (2020). Does capitalism (still) come in varieties? Review of International Political Economy, 27(2), 302–319. https://doi.org/10.1080/09692290.2019.1633382

Hutagalung, S., Wiryadinata, H., Suwarto, ;, Alvyn, A. ;, & Hendriks, C. (2022). Revisiting Religious Education: The Shifting Curve of Short-Run Aggregate Supply of Human Resource in Educational Capitalism. DUNAMIS: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Kristiani, 7(1), 429–440. https://doi.org/10.30648/DUN.V7I1.734

Huynh, V. D. B., Nguyen, P. T., Nguyen, Q. L. H. T. T., & Vu, N. B. (2020). E-learning evolution and development from the perspectives of technology, education, and economy. Research in World Economy, 11(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.5430/RWE.V11N1P11

Ikramatoun, S., Amin, K., Darwin, D., & Halik, H. (2021). Iron Cage Birokrasi Pendidikan: Suatu Analisis Sosiologis. Jurnal Sosiologi Pendidikan Humanis, 6(1), undefined-undefined. https://doi.org/10.17977/UM021V6I1P18-29

Jessop, B. (2018). On academic capitalism. Critical Policy Studies, 12(1), 104–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/19460171.2017.1403342

Kayed, H., Al-Madadha, A., & Abualbasal, A. (2022). The Effect of Entrepreneurial Education and Culture on Entrepreneurial Intention. Organizacija, 55(1), 18–34. https://doi.org/10.2478/ORGA-2022-0002

Kharchenko, L., Levchenko, L., Levkulych, V., & Khanas, U. (2020). Education and Human Capital Development: From Stagnation to Recession in the Ukrainian Economy. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 2020(4), 140–145. https://doi.org/10.33271/NVNGU/2020-4/140

Kichuk, Y., Kunchenko-Kharchenko, V., Hrushchynska, N., Zhukova, Y., & Yarish, O. (2021). Intellectual capital of institutions of higher education in the knowledge economy. Journal of Optimization in Industrial Engineering, 14(1), 183–190. https://doi.org/10.22094/JOIE.2020.677844

King, V., Roed, J., & Wilson, L. (2018). It’s very different here: practice-based academic staff induction and retention. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 40(5), 470–484. https://doi.org/10.1080/1360080X.2018.1496516

Klees, S. J. (2019). Capitalism and global education reform. In An International Handbook of Educational Reform (pp. 11–26). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119082316.ch1

Klees, S. J. (2020). Beyond neoliberalism: Reflections on capitalism and education. Policy Futures in Education, 18(1), 9–29. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210317715814

Kleibert, J. M., Bobée, A., Rottleb, T., & Schulze, M. (2021). Transnational education zones: Towards an urban political economy of ‘education cities.’ Urban Studies, 58(14), 2845–2862. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098020962418

Koster, E., & de Regt, H. W. (2020). Science and Values in Undergraduate Education. Science and Education, 29(1), 123–143. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11191-019-00093-7

Krahn, H. J., Chow, A., Galambos, N. L., & Johnson, M. D. (2018). Enlightenment or status defence? Education and social problem concerns from adolescence to midlife. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 39(7), 942–960. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2018.1429893

Kurt, I. (2015). Education and Social Reproduction in Schools. European Journal of Social Sciences Education and Research, 5(1), 223. https://doi.org/10.26417/EJSER.V5I1.P223-226

Kuwar, P. R. (2021). Impact of Education on Economy. Triyuga Academic Journal, 46–51. https://doi.org/10.3126/TAJ.V2I1.45620

Kuzmenko, G. N. (2018). Influence of postindustrial society technologies on modern education. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 2018(Special Issue 3), 168–172. https://doi.org/10.32861/JSSR.SPI3.168.172

Lodge, J. M., Thompson, K., & Corrin, L. (2022). The concerning persistence of weird ideas about learning and educational technology and their influence on the future directions of higher education. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 38(3). https://doi.org/10.14742/AJET.8226

Lumby, J. (2019). Distributed Leadership and bureaucracy. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 47(1), 5–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143217711190

Lysova, E. A., Bratukhina, E. A., Sozinova, A. A., & Matushkina, Y. N. (2020). DIGITAL MODERNIZATION OF THE REGION’S EDUCATIONAL MARKET AND ITS INFLUENCE ON QUALITY OF EDUCATION. International Journal for Quality Research, 14(1), 253–270. https://doi.org/10.24874/IJQR14.01-16

Mangset, M., & Asdal, K. (2019). Bureaucratic power in note-writing: authoritative expertise within the state. British Journal of Sociology, 70(2), 569–588. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-4446.12356

Martono, N. (2016). Sosiologi Perubahan Sosial. In Perubahan Sosial Budaya (4th ed.).

Mathier, M. (2023). Postdigital disconnects: The discursive formation of technology in education. Postdigital Disconnects: The Discursive Formation of Technology in Education, 1–234. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003284963

Mbhiza, H. W. (2021). Shifting Paradigms: Rethinking Education During and Post-COVID-19 Pandemic. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 6(2), 279–289. https://doi.org/10.46303/RESSAT.2021.31

McDonnell, J. (2021). How do you promote ‘British Values’ when values education is your profession? Policy enactment of FBV amongst teachers of Religious Education, Citizenship Education and Personal, Social and Health Education in England. Cambridge Journal of Education, 51(3), 377–394. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305764X.2020.1844149

Menezes, E., & de Castro Crusoé, N. M. (2022). Elements of Max Weber’s comprehensive sociology: categorical application for research in education*. Educacao e Pesquisa, 48, undefined-undefined. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-4634202248239168ENG

Mesa-Manosalva, E. G. (2022). Education for the Culture of Peace in the Context of Los Pastos, Colombia. Revista Electronica Educare, 26(3), undefined-undefined. https://doi.org/10.15359/REE.26-3.3

Miller, R., & Liu, K. (2021). After the Virus: Disaster Capitalism, Digital Inequity, and Transformative Education for the Future of Schooling. Education and Urban Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/00131245211065419

Morelock, J. (2021). Age Norms and the Spirit of Capitalism. Innovation in Aging, 5(Supplement_1), 601–601. https://doi.org/10.1093/GERONI/IGAB046.2306

Njoki, H. (2021). Influence of Technology Type on Development of Instructional Materials for Distance Education. Journal of Online and Distance Learning, 1(1), 60–74. https://doi.org/10.47941/jodl.638

Nnebedum, C. (2019). The Value of Integrating 21st Century Skills into the Enterprise of Teaching Sociology. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 8(1), 37–44. https://doi.org/10.2478/AJIS-2019-0003

Nordlöf, C., Norström, P., Höst, G., & Hallström, J. (2022). Towards a three-part heuristic framework for technology education. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 32(3), 1583–1604. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10798-021-09664-8

Novikov, V. V. (2021). Digitalization of Economy and Education: Path to Business Leadership and National Security. Business Ethics and Leadership, 5(2), 147–155. https://doi.org/10.21272/bel.5(2).147-155.2021

Nurdin, A. (2021). Modernization of Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia at A Glance: Barriers and Opportunities. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 8(3), 288–296. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v8i3.2490

Okutan, B. B. (2020). Tricks of Methods in Sociology of Religion: A Schemetical Attempt. Cumhuriyet Ilahiyat Dergisi, 24(2), 911–931. https://doi.org/10.18505/cuid.784076

Parson, T. (1964). The Social System (2nd ed.). Free Press.

Peercy, M. M., Tigert, J., Fredricks, D., Kidwell, T., Feagin, K., Hall, W., Himmel, J., & DeStefano Lawyer, M. (2022). From humanizing principles to humanizing practices: Exploring core practices as a bridge to enacting humanizing pedagogy with multilingual students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 113. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TATE.2022.103653

Ritzer, G., Jandrić, P., & Hayes, S. (2018). The velvet cage of educational con(pro)sumption. Open Review of Educational Research, 5(1), 113–129. https://doi.org/10.1080/23265507.2018.1546124

Robinson, S. (2015). Decentralisation, managerialism and accountability: professional loss in an Australian education bureaucracy. Journal of Education Policy, 30(4), 468–482. https://doi.org/10.1080/02680939.2015.1025241

Roux, C., & Becker, A. (2016). Humanising higher education in South Africa through dialogue as praxis. Educational Research for Social Change, 5(1), 131–143. https://doi.org/10.17159/2221-4070/2016/V5I1A8

Rowe, E. (2019). Capitalism without capital: the intangible economy of education reform. Discourse, 40(2), 271–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/01596306.2019.1569883

Salmon, J. (2020). Financing Higher Education through Equity, Not Debt: The Case for Income Share Agreements. Journal of School Choice, 14(3), 371–394. https://doi.org/10.1080/15582159.2020.1769447

Schneider, C. Q., & Makszin, K. (2014). Forms of welfare capitalism and education-based participatory inequality. Socio-Economic Review, 12(2), 437–462. https://doi.org/10.1093/ser/mwu010

Schweisfurth, M., Davies, L., Symaco, L. P., & Valiente, O. (2018). Higher education, bridging capital, and developmental leadership in the Philippines: Learning to be a crossover reformer. International Journal of Educational Development, 59, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.09.001

See, B. H., Gorard, S., Lu, B., Dong, L., & Siddiqui, N. (2022). Is technology always helpful?: A critical review of the impact on learning outcomes of education technology in supporting formative assessment in schools. Research Papers in Education, 37(6), 1064–1096. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2021.1907778

Serpa, S., & Sá, M. J. (2022). Trust in Higher Education Management and Organizational Culture. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 12(1), 8–13. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2022-0002

Singgih, D. S., Suyanto, B., & Ariadi, S. (2022). Higher education capitalism in Indonesia as a social problem: A case study in the digital age. Jurnal Sosiologi Dialektika, 17(1), undefined-undefined. https://doi.org/10.20473/JSD.V17I1.2022.13-24

Skipper, R. B. (2018). Education and bureaucracy. International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 32(1), 57–76. https://doi.org/10.5840/IJAP2018828101

Smythe, S., Wilbur, A., & Hunter, E. (2021). Inventive pedagogies and social solidarity: The work of community-based adult educators during COVID-19 in British Columbia, Canada. International Review of Education, 67(1–2), 9–29. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11159-021-09882-1

Teräs, M., Suoranta, J., Teräs, H., & Curcher, M. (2020). Post-Covid-19 Education and Education Technology ‘Solutionism’: a Seller’s Market. Postdigital Science and Education, 2(3), 863–878. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00164-x

Terjesen, S. (2022). Reducing Higher Education Bureaucracy and Reclaiming the Entrepreneurial University. International Studies in Entrepreneurship, 53, 111–132. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-94273-1_7

Thomson, R. A. (2020). Bringing Back the Social into the Sociology of Religion: Critical Approaches. Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews, 49(1), 24–26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094306119889962a

Tight, M. (2021). Globalization and internationalization as frameworks for higher education research. Research Papers in Education, 36(1), 52–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2019.1633560

Verhoeven, M., Draelants, H., & Ilabaca Turri, T. (2022). The role of elite education in social reproduction in France, Belgium and Chile: Towards an analytical model. Journal of Sociology, 58(3), 304–323. https://doi.org/10.1177/14407833211051759

Wæraas, A. (2007). The re-enchantment of social institutions: Max Weber and public relations. Public Relations Review, 33(3), 281–286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2007.05.007

Weber, M. (2019). Economy and Society (K. Tribe (ed.); 1st ed.). University of Harvard.

Xie, C., Ruan, M., Lin, P., Wang, Z., Lai, T., Xie, Y., Fu, S., & Lu, H. (2022). Influence of Artificial Intelligence in Education on Adolescents’ Social Adaptability: A Machine Learning Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(13). https://doi.org/10.3390/IJERPH19137890

Yavuz, R. I. (2021). Founders’ education, social capital, and their interplay in the intensity of new-venture internationalization. Journal of Small Business Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472778.2021.1913596

Zambeta, E. (2014). Education and Social Solidarity in times of Crisis: the case of voluntary shadow education in Greece. Education Inquiry, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.3402/EDUI.V5.24058

Published
2023-12-31
How to Cite
Wiryadinata, Halim. “A Shifting Capital of Religious Education in the Digitalization Era”. Jurnal Ilmiah Religiosity Entity Humanity (JIREH) 5, no. 2 (December 31, 2023): 140-154. Accessed June 23, 2024. https://ojs-jireh.org/index.php/jireh/article/view/161.
Abstract viewed = 371 times
PDF downloaded = 212 times